ILS RAS (founded in 1921) is one of the leading research institutions in the field of linguistics. The Institute is part of the Department of Historical and Philological Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The Institute conducts fundamental, exploratory and applied research in the following areas:
- Development of problems of Russian lexicology and lexicography, scientific development, compilation and publication of dictionaries of various types: modern literary language, historical, dialect.
- Development of fundamental problems of the theory of linguistics, comparative historical, areal, linguo-geographical and sociolinguistic studies on the material of the Russian language, Indo-European, Altai, Paleo-Asiatic and Samoyedic languages; collection, publication and study of materials on the early written and non-written languages of the peoples of the Far North, Siberia, and the Far East.
- Development of problems of the theory of grammar and linguistic typology of languages on the material of the languages of the world.